Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
USDA - Thu May 16, 10:41AM CDT
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu May 16, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending May 17, 2019

   Compared to last week all reported forages sold steady. Demand was 
good for hay shipments out of state with moderate demand for local 
usages. Some piles of tarped and non-tarped big squares in various parts 
of the state will be carried over while others are waiting on trucks for 
shipment. Warmer temps this week has helped most forages to grow. Most 
areas around Powell continue to be dry and growers are hoping for a nice 
rain shower. Crop progress report by NASS for week May 12th, barley 
planted 90 percent compared to 86 percent last year, with 65 percent 
emerged compared to 64 last year. Sugar beets planted at 90 percent 
compared to 68 percent last year and corn plantings at 39 percent 
compared to 50 percent last year.  All prices are dollars per ton FOB the 
field or hay barn unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 130.00-140.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 
percent protein 255.00.  
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Premium small squares 200.00-215.00, Good small squares 165.00. 
Certified weed seed free alfalfa cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, bagged 270.00-
280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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